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10-05-2020, 10:03 AM
1.  The relieving  officer of watch should not take over the watch if his night vision is not fully
    adjusted to the light conditions.
2. The relieving office of watch should not take over the watch if he thinks personally  is not
    a) with position, course, speed and draft of the ship.
    b) with standing orders and other specially instructions of the Master relating to navigation
        of ship.
    c) prevailing and predicted aids, current, weather, visibility and the effect of these factors
        upon course and speed.
    d) Navigational situation, including but not limited to the following likely to be used
        during the watch.
       -Error of Gyro and Magnet Compass.
       -Presence and movement of ships in sight or known to be in the vicinity
3.  If at the time the officer of watch is to be relieved an manouver or other action to avoid
     any hazard taking the place the relief of the officer should be deferred until such action
     has been completed.
4.  During the watch officer of watch to perform periodic check of:
     a) Navigational equipment.
     b) The helsman or the automatic pilot is steering the correct course.
     c) The standard compss error is determined at least once a watch and when is possible
         after any major alternation of course.
     d) The navigational and signal lights and other navigational equipment are functioning
5.  The officer of watch should be familiar with use of electronic navigational aids carried,
     including their capabilities and limitations.
6.  The officer of watch use the radar when appropriate and whenever restricted visibility is
     encountered or expected and all time in congest waters.
7.  When vessel navigate in coastal waters, officer in watch must use the largest charts scale
     onboard suitable for the area and corrected with the latest available informations. Fixes
     should be taken at frequent intervals.
8.  When restricted visibility is encountered or expected the first responsibility of the officer
     of watch, is to comply with the International Rules of the applicable regulation for preventing collision at sea also inform Master.
     Post proper look out and helsman and in congested waters revert to hand steering immediately. Exhibit navigational lights. Operate and use radar.
9.  The officer of watch should notify the Master immediately in the following circumstances.
     a) If restricted visibility is encountered or expected.
     b) If the traffic conditions or the movements of the other ships are causing concern.
     c) On failure to sight land or navigation mark is sighted or change in sounding occur.
     d) If expectedly land or a navigation mark is sighted or to obtain sounding by the expected
     e) In heavy weather if in any doubt about the possibility of weather damage.
     f) In any other emergency or situation in which he is any doubt.
     g) On the breakdown of the engines, steering gear or any essential navigational equipment.
 10. If any officer of watch is in any doubt as to pilots, action or intention, he should seek
       clarification from the pilot, if doubt still exists he should notify the Master immediately
       and take whatever action is necessary before Master arrives.
11. The officer of watch must use more than one method to fix the ship position. Any position
      plotted by radar should be checked by visual bearings. Position should be obtained at
      regular intervals, such intervals depending on the circumstances and the ship speed. In
      coastal waters every 15 minutes and when further offshore every half hour to one hour.
      When on transocean passages to noon position should be check by astronomical observation.
12. The officer of watch must complete all entries in log book neatly and clearly. The entries
      should include all normal watchkeeping details as any alternation of course, being the
      distances from fixed points or latitude and longitude in ocean waters.
      Weather, wind direction and force, visibility, state of sea, barometric pressure and temperature, course being steered and any allowance, magnetic course and gyro error.
      Distance covered by log, engine distance, speed.
      Any other event which at the discretion of the officer.
13. Before arrival at the port, the officer of watch should ensure that the following have been
      completed and recorded in the log book.
      a) Pilot ladder, heaving line and life buoy are ready.
      b) Ropes and moorings are ready fore and aft.
      c) Engine room is warned for arrival time.
      d) Automatic log extention withdrawn.
      e) Manual steering gear and rudder indicators tested.
      f) Time synchronised between bridge and engine room.
14. The officer of watch always will wait the pilot in accommodation ladder and will escort
      him on bridge and vice versa.
15. At no time shall the bridge be left unattended.
16. While vessel at anchor, the officer of watch should:
      a) Determine and pilot the ship's position on the appropriate chart.
      b) Check at sufficiently frequent intervals whether the ship is remaining securely at anchor
          by taking bearings of fixed marks.
      c) Ensure that inspection round of the ship are made properly.
      d) Notify the Master and undertake all necessary measures if the ship drag anchor.
      e) If visibility deteriorates, notify the Master and comply with the applicable regulations
          for preventing collision at sea.
      f) Ensure that the ship exhibits the appropriate lights and shapes and that appropriate
         sound signals are made all time as required.
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